Prediabetes ICD 10: Types, Causes And Treatment

Prediabetes ICD 10 is a medical coding classification used to document the diagnosis of prediabetes in medical records. A medical condition known as prediabetes is defined by blood glucose levels that are higher than usual but not high enough to be categorized as diabetes. A person is at a high risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes as well as other health issues like heart disease and stroke, which is a warning sign.

Overview of ICD-10 Coding:

ICD 10 stands for International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition. It is a new and improved version of ICD 9. ICD 10 spilt into two systems.

  1. ICD-10-CM Clinical Modification
  2. ICD-10-PCS Procedure Coding System

ICD-10-CM-Clinical Modification: Used for diagnostic coding used by all healthcare providers.

ICD-10-PCS Procedure Coding System: Used for inpatient procedure reporting used by hospitals.

Why need to move from ICD 9 to ICD 10 here are two reasons: ICD 9 is 40 years old and ICD has no more coding numbers with new diseases and discoveries. So the need for ICD 10 coding system occurs.ICD 9 has only 14000 codes but ICD 10 has 69000 codes available. Ultimately it’s an updated version of ICD 9 and ICD 11 will be better than ICD 10. The table of concerns is here:

  1. History of Prediabetes ICD 10
  2. Significance of prediabetes as a health concern
  3. Purpose of ICD 10 Coding For Prediabetes
  4. Causes of Prediabetes ICD 10
  5. Symptoms of Prediabetes ICD 10
  6. Diagnosis and Management of Prediabetes
  7. Treatment available for Prediabetes ICD 10 Code
  8. FAQS
  9. Conclusion

History of Prediabetes ICD 10:Code R73.03

Although the name “prediabetes” did not become generally used until the early 2000s, the idea of prediabetes has been acknowledged by the medical profession for several decades. Impairment of glucose tolerance (IGT) or impairment of fasting glucose was the prior name for the condition (IFG).

In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) accepted the term “prediabetes” and included it in the 10th iteration of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). If you want to know the Pathophysiology of prediabetes then check out Springer Link here is the full detail.

Significance Of Prediabetes As A Health Concern:

Because prediabetes is a warning sign that a person is at a high risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes as well as other health concerns including heart disease and stroke, it is a serious health concern. Around 88 million persons in the United States have prediabetes, and more than 84% of them are ignorant of their condition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This emphasizes the significance of prediabetes screening and early identification.

While type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that can cause major health problems such as neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and cardiovascular disease, prediabetes is significant because it has the potential to develop into that condition. In addition, diabetes is a major cause of kidney failure, lower-limb amputations, and blindness.

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Purpose Of ICD 10 Coding For Prediabetes:

Prediabetes ICD 10 code is R73.03. Prediabetes ICD-10 categorization is significant for a number of reasons. In order to assess the frequency of prediabetes and identify groups at risk, precise coding is first and foremost necessary. Second, it assists healthcare professionals and insurance firms in tracking patterns and results linked to prediabetes management, prevention, and screening. Finally, accurate coding ensures that services for prediabetes screening, diagnosis, and management are properly reimbursed.

Causes of Prediabetes ICD 10:

The causes of prediabetes are similar to those of type 2 diabetes and include


Prediabetes is greatly influenced by family history. According to research, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are more likely to develop in people who have a parent or sibling who has this illness. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body cannot utilize insulin to effectively control blood glucose levels. Several genes have been found to contribute to this condition.


Obesity, poor food, and insufficient physical activity or exercise are important lifestyle variables that contribute to the development of prediabetes. Insulin resistance and increased blood sugar levels can result from inactivity and a lack of regular exercise. The risk of prediabetes can also rise with a poor diet that is high in processed foods, saturated fats, and added sugars they all are harmful to our health.

Prediabetes ICD 10


A key risk factor for developing prediabetes is being overweight or obese obesity is a great factor in increasing many of diseases prediabetes is one of them. Increased blood sugar levels and insulin resistance might result from carrying too much body weight. It has been demonstrated in studies that decreasing just 5–10% of body weight can enhance insulin sensitivity and lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Age and ethnicity:

Prediabetes is more likely in people over the age of 45, regardless of race or ethnicity. However, some racial and ethnic groups are more likely to develop prediabetes than others, including African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans.


Sleep is a basic need of the human body. Studies have shown a connection between sleep disorders including sleep apnea and a higher chance of developing prediabetes. Insufficient sleep can cause insulin resistance and increased blood sugar levels.

The causes of prediabetes are multifactorial there is no single reason to be pre-diabetic.

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Symptoms of Prediabetes ICD 10:

Because prediabetes is frequently asymptomatic, there may not be any obvious symptoms that’s why 90% of people don’t even know that they had this illness. Nonetheless, a few individuals may develop minor symptoms, such as:

Increased thirst: A person may experience increased thirst than usual. But nobody takes it seriously and due to this prediabetes remains undiagnosed.

Frequent urination: Especially at night, a person might need to urinate more frequently.

Fatigue: Even after obtaining enough rest, a person may still feel worn out or fatigued.

Vision blur: A person may have trouble focusing or experiencing vision blur. A person may not able to see things clearly.

Delayed healing: Cuts and wounds may take longer than usual to mend.

tingling or numbness: Some persons may feel tingling or numbness in their hands or feet.

It is important to note that these symptoms may also be present in other conditions, and therefore, should not be used as the sole basis for diagnosing prediabetes. It can be also a sign of any other disease there is no obvious evidence to call these symptoms prediabetic.

Diagnosis and Management of Prediabetes:

An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), or hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) blood test is frequently used to identify prediabetes. A prediabetes-indicating FPG level between 100 and 125 mg/dL, an OGTT level between 140 and 199 mg/dL, or an HbA1C level between 5.7% and 6.4%.

Prediabetes ICD 10

To lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes are the main emphasis of prediabetes management.

Treatment available for Prediabetes ICD 10 Code:

The goal of prediabetes treatment options is to halt or postpone the development of type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes is best treated with a combination of lifestyle changes and, occasionally, medication. There are  2 main factors to cure prediabetes one is lifestyle changes and the other one is medications these both are important if we follow only one factor they will not give us results both have their significance to cure any disease.

Lifestyle modifications:

Lifestyle changes are the primary line of treatment for prediabetes because they can lower blood sugar levels and lower the chance of getting type 2 diabetes. There are also subcategorize of lifestyle changes a person has to make which are:

A nutritious diet: Consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and healthy fats will help lower blood sugar levels.
Frequent physical activity: Regular physical activity, such as jogging, cycling, running, swimming, or brisk walking, can help regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.
Weight loss: Reducing weight can enhance insulin sensitivity and blood glucose regulation in overweight or obese people.
Giving up smoking: Smoking can exacerbate insulin resistance and raise the possibility of type 2 diabetes.


Patients with prediabetes occasionally receive prescriptions for drugs to help control their blood sugar levels. These medicines consist of:

Metformin: This drug increases insulin sensitivity and aids in lowering hepatic glucose production.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists: These drugs increase the release of the hormone insulin and decrease the release of the hormone glucagon, resulting in lower blood glucose levels.
DPP-4 inhibitors: By increasing insulin production and decreasing glucagon secretion, these drugs assist control of blood sugar levels.

It is important to note that treatment for prediabetes should be individualized based on each person’s unique medical history, preferences, and lifestyle factors.


What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. It is between diabetes and no diabetes.

What is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes?

R73.03 is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes.

What are the symptoms of prediabetes?

There are no certain visible symptoms of prediabetes. In most cases, prediabetes diagnoses accidentally. However, some persons with the condition may also feel increased thirst, frequent urination, weariness, hazy vision, poor wound healing, and numbness or tingling.

How is prediabetes diagnosed?

A blood test that evaluates blood glucose levels is used to detect prediabetes. The A1C test, which gauges the average blood sugar level over the previous two to three months, is the most often utilized test.

Can prediabetes be reversed?

Yes, prediabetes can be reversed through lifestyle modifications such as a healthy diet and regular physical activity, and avoiding bad habits like smoking drugs, etc.


In conclusion, millions of people around the world are affected by prediabetes, a major health issue. In order to stop prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes, it is crucial to understand the many forms and causes of the condition. Although prediabetes has no specific symptoms, frequent blood glucose level monitoring can help identify it. R73.03 is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes.

By adopting a good diet and a healthy lifestyle which includes regular exercise and intake of fresh fruits and vegetables we can reduce the risks of diseases so Love yourself and live a healthy life!

Video Credits:

My Doctor – Kaiser Permanente


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