Prediabetes ICD 10: Types, Causes And Treatment

Understanding Prediabetes ICD 10

Prediabetes ICD 10 is a medical coding classification used to document the diagnosis of prediabetes in medical records. A medical condition known as prediabetes is defined by blood glucose levels that are higher than usual but not high enough to be categorized as diabetes. A person is at a high risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes as well as other health issues like heart disease and stroke, which is a warning sign.

Overview of ICD-10 Coding

ICD 10 stands for International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition. It is a new and improved version of ICD 9. ICD 10.

ICD-10-CM-Clinical Modification: Used for diagnostic coding used by all healthcare providers.

ICD-10-PCS Procedure Coding System: Used for inpatient procedure reporting used by hospitals.

History of Prediabetes ICD 10:Code R73.03

Although the name “prediabetes” did not become generally used until the early 2000s, the idea of prediabetes has been acknowledged by the medical profession for several decades. Impairment of glucose tolerance (IGT) or impairment of fasting glucose was the prior name for the condition (IFG).

In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) accepted the term “prediabetes” and included it in the 10th iteration of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). If you want to know the Pathophysiology of prediabetes then check out Springer Link here is the full detail.

Significance Of Prediabetes As A Health Concern

Because prediabetes is a warning sign that a person is at a high risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes↗ as well as other health concerns including heart disease and stroke, it is a serious health concern. Around 88 million persons in the United States have prediabetes, and more than 84% of them are ignorant of their condition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

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Purpose Of ICD 10 Coding For Prediabetes

Prediabetes ICD 10 code is R73.03. Prediabetes ICD-10 categorization is significant for a number of reasons. In order to assess the frequency of prediabetes and identify groups at risk, precise coding is first and foremost necessary. Second, it assists healthcare professionals and insurance firms in tracking patterns and results linked to prediabetes management, prevention, and screening↗.

Causes of Prediabetes ICD 10


Prediabetes is greatly influenced by family history↗. According to research, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are more likely to develop in people who have a parent or sibling who has this illness. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body cannot utilize insulin to effectively control blood glucose levels.


Obesity, poor food, and insufficient physical activity or exercise are important lifestyle variables that contribute to the development of prediabetes. Insulin resistance and increased blood sugar levels can result from inactivity and a lack of regular exercise↗.

Prediabetes ICD 10: Types, Causes And Treatment


A key risk factor for developing prediabetes is being overweight or obese obesity is a great factor in increasing many of diseases prediabetes is one of them. Increased blood sugar levels and insulin resistance might result from carrying too much body weight.

Age and ethnicity

Prediabetes is more likely in people over the age of 45↗​, regardless of race or ethnicity. However, some racial and ethnic groups are more likely to develop prediabetes than others, including African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans.


Sleep is a basic need of the human body. Studies have shown a connection between sleep disorders including sleep apnea and a higher chance of developing prediabetes. Insufficient sleep​ can cause insulin resistance and increased blood sugar levels.

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Symptoms of Prediabetes ICD 10

Because prediabetes is frequently asymptomatic, there may not be any obvious symptoms that’s why 90% of people don’t even know that they had this illness. Nonetheless, a few individuals may develop minor symptoms, such as:

Increased thirst

A person may experience increased thirst than usual. But nobody takes it seriously and due to this prediabetes remains undiagnosed.

Frequent urination

Especially at night, a person might need to urinate more frequently.


Even after obtaining enough rest, a person may still feel worn out or fatigued.

Vision blur

A person may have trouble focusing or experiencing vision blur. A person may not able to see things clearly.

Delayed healing

Cuts and wounds may take longer than usual to mend.

tingling or numbness

Some persons may feel tingling or numbness in their hands or feet.

Diagnosis and Management of Prediabetes

An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), or hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) blood test is frequently used to identify prediabetes. A prediabetes-indicating FPG level between 100 and 125 mg/dL, an OGTT level between 140 and 199 mg/dL, or an HbA1C level between 5.7% and 6.4%.

Prediabetes ICD 10: Types, Causes And Treatment

Treatment available for Prediabetes ICD 10 Code

The goal of prediabetes treatment options is to halt or postpone the development of type 2 diabetes. There are  2 main factors to cure prediabetes one is lifestyle changes and the other one is medications these both are important if we follow only one factor they will not give us results both have their significance to cure any disease.

Lifestyle modifications

Lifestyle changes are the primary line of treatment for prediabetes because they can lower blood sugar levels and lower the chance of getting type 2 diabetes. There are also subcategorize of lifestyle changes a person has to make which are:

A nutritious diet

Consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and healthy fats will help lower blood sugar levels.

Frequent physical activity

Regular physical activity, such as jogging, cycling, running↗​, swimming, or brisk walking, can help regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.

Weight loss

Reducing weight can enhance insulin sensitivity and blood glucose regulation in overweight or obese people.

Giving up smoking

Smoking can exacerbate insulin resistance and raise the possibility of type 2 diabetes.


Patients with prediabetes occasionally receive prescriptions for drugs to help control their blood sugar levels. These medicines consist of:


This drug increases insulin sensitivity and aids in lowering hepatic glucose production.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists

These drugs increase the release of the hormone insulin and decrease the release of the hormone glucagon, resulting in lower blood glucose levels.

DPP-4 inhibitors

By increasing insulin production and decreasing glucagon secretion, these drugs assist control of blood sugar levels.


What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. It is between diabetes and no diabetes.

What is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes?

R73.03 is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes.

What are the symptoms of prediabetes?

There are no certain visible symptoms of prediabetes. In most cases, prediabetes diagnoses accidentally. However, some persons with the condition may also feel increased thirst, frequent urination, weariness, hazy vision, poor wound healing, and numbness or tingling.

How is prediabetes diagnosed?

A blood test that evaluates blood glucose levels is used to detect prediabetes. The A1C test, which gauges the average blood sugar level over the previous two to three months, is the most often utilized test.

Can prediabetes be reversed?

Yes, prediabetes can be reversed through lifestyle modifications such as a healthy diet and regular physical activity, and avoiding bad habits like smoking drugs, etc.


In conclusion, millions of people around the world are affected by prediabetes, a major health issue. In order to stop prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes, it is crucial to understand the many forms and causes of the condition. Although prediabetes has no specific symptoms, frequent blood glucose level monitoring can help identify it. R73.03 is the ICD-10 code for prediabetes.

Video Credits:

My Doctor – Kaiser Permanente


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